Our brain is highly complex in structure and function, with hundreds of billions of neurons and thousands of software working to percept, control, learn, feel, think, react, follow, and deal with the circumstances. Also, manages performance, skills, behaviour, responses, cultural and social issues with the help of knowledge and experience gained previously.
In our modern continuously changing world people are coping with life. High exposure to competition, stress, anxiety, expectations, pressure, status, glamour and emotional deprivation pushes towards the use of alcohol and other substance abuse to feel more relaxed, rewarded, related to peers, socialised, rebellious, confident and belonging to high class or status.
Started as social habits like using alcohol as “social lubricant” and many drug abuse substances soon become accepted as “a solution” to feel like support, reward, hiding, runout, fight back or cope up for unwearable situations or emotions. Over time, because dopamine release a reward system, behaviour induced by glutamate and many other chemicals or neurotransmitters give a feel of the safehouse. This unrealistic safe house becomes a habit or needs to deal with emotional disturbance, lack of self-respect, relationship abuse, loneliness, lack of opportunity, depression, and many other types of social-emotional issues. An increasing scarcity of family supports, degraded morals, and self-control makes people increasingly get into addiction, mostly youth under 25 years.
Addiction is a complex syndrome in which a person’s brain feels a metabolic, physical, and psychological compulsive and obsessive urge to get pleasure and satisfaction after exposure to a specific drug, behaviour, or stimulus.
Any regular, unavoidable exposure or association to pleasurable factor, mostly to deal with depressions, low confidence, emotional trauma, failure or any other psychological or emotional situation, and if this tendency becomes a dependency, obsession and compulsion towards stimuli is “an addiction”.
TYPE OF ADDICTIONS
- ILLEGAL DRUGS
- MOBILE N INTERNET
- SOCIAL MEDIA
- MOBILE OR VIDEO GAMES
- CRIME PLEASURE
- ADVENTURE RISK TAKING
FACTORS CAN BE RESPONSIBLE
- Cultural, social, family habits and patterns,
- Bonding or equality pressure of peers,
- Early age exposure to tobacco, alcohol, drugs, or sexual activities,
- Impulsive, aggressive or Rebel personality,
- Show off and matching sense of high social status,
- Overcome loneliness and socially neglect cases,
- Emotional abuse, trauma or depression,
- Psychological and environmental factors,
- Family disputes and relationship problems like breakups,
- Behavioural disorders like shopping, shoplifting or risk-taking personality,
- Mobile gaming, game playing brain reward, mood modification type patterns,
- Sadistic and crime pleasure psychological disorders.
PROBLEMS WITH ADDICTION
Addiction causes severe behaviour disorder, financial depletion, family disputes, social distance, and mental, physical health issues like,
- Unstable nature,
- Unrealistic thoughts and Desires,
- Lack of concentration,
- Lack of self-control,
- Loss of sense of good and evil,
- Obsessive and compulsive behaviour,
- Low academic performance, and productivity,
- Craving, nausea, headache,
- Financial crisis,
SEVERE HEALTH ISSUES
- Renal failure,
- Cardiac disorders,
- Neurological problems,
- Chronic addictions can even make changes in gene expression.
- Socially damaged life,
- Criminal activities,
- Suicide, and
- Homicides, etc.
ADOLESCENTS ARE IN RISK
It is the time when children are full of energy, their hormonal and emotional transition phase or teenage pattern also support them to get into addictions. The puberty period is a significant change in behaviour, desire, hormone, perceptions, learning, reactions that can draw them into risky, impulsive, pleasurable, sexual activities, including addiction.
Early exposure to alcohol tobacco drugs and sex can easily make children emotionally, physically, or psychologically pleasure dependent on the substance, behaviour, or addictive stimuli. Adolescence age is highly vulnerable to developing an addiction because it is when children independently explore the outside world.
- Experiencing new things,
- Wants attention
- Peer pressure,
- Impulsive nature,
- Unaware of results,
- Lack of knowledge,
- Loves taking the risk,
- Emotional stimuli,
- Pro or superior feeling,
- Sexual desires,
- Making independent social identity,
- Competition beauty, and abilities
- Rewarding, pleasurable, and adventurous.
Children soon get into an addiction to cope with neglect or abuse, and this is more if family relations are not suitable or more family disputes they have seen. This coping mechanism makes the dependency on substance or behaviour. Addiction can disturb their adolescent growth, development of future life physically, emotionally, socially, and financially by ruining their health, career, and relations.
The mobile game habit can give pleasure and a feeling of “reward” when clear stages after stages in-game. Winning game will also feel them an appealing and alluring word in which they can perform, succeed, celebrate, and establish themself in a higher position than others, which will increase self-esteem and acceptance in peers.
STAGES OF ADDICTION
1. Starting phase of “experimental exposer”,
2. Social peer pressure to show equality and bonding cause “frequent exposure”,
3. “Continuous exposure” because of unconscious mind accept things like support or pleasure and it is a fair habit,
4. That habit becomes “dependency” or compulsion or obsession, the person started the blind extreme pursuit of getting exposure for pleasure and stimuli,
MANAGEMENT & SOLUTIONS
When we come to management and overcome addiction, it is different for every individual depending upon the age, causes, category, stage, environment, genetics, mental and physical condition, society involvement, friends, and family relations. AYUSH Medicine supports the cure of severe chronic cases, such as alcohol addiction and other types of substance abuse, illegal drug abuse, or addiction.
Medicinal support is not a solution or complete addiction management because the process of addiction is in deep mental, emotional, physical, metabolic needs, and imbalances. Behavioural modification therapy is an essential part of addiction management. This behaviour therapy starts with the home, family, and close friends, where the support, acceptance, motivation, love, affection, and attachment work to overcome addiction.
- Do not ever comment on his addiction,
- Don’t make fun of his condition,
- Don’t avoid or neglect him.
- Boost his/her confidence,
- Always encourage and believe that he/she will soon become out of this kind of situation.
- Try to get them busy in positive and healthy activities like meditation, yoga, regular aerobics.
- Weight training gives the best results if practice slowly and consistently,
- Engage him or her in new hobbies and a regular habit of exploring nature.
- Psychotherapy is essential,
- Get the professional help of a psychiatrist,
- Social and group therapy gives faster results.
Ayurveda has a holistic approach to treat and rejuvenate the whole body physically and mentally can give the best solution to overcome addiction. Ayurveda concepts of Nidan Parivarjan, Swasthya rakshanam, Panchkarma, and Rasayana help overcome addiction. A combination of detoxification, avoidance of causes and rejuvenation therapy gives magical results.
Yoga can help cure addiction even it is constructive in rehabilitation, yoga, stretching, and message to muscles and vital internal organs by yogasana can improve function and boost the metabolism.
Pranayam, control respiration relax mind and Dhyan, dharna, Samadhi can give better mind-body harmony, will power, relax your urge, give positivity, and lead to better physical and mental health. Proper practise of yoga offers very positively, balanced, integrated benefits at a physical, mental, emotional, spiritual, and intellectual level that will improve your body’s fight Back mechanism against addiction.
Complete gastrointestinal tract cleaning with sandhav salt, lukewarm water and some herbs, help you get the full benefit of yoga and Pranayam.
Asana like bhujangasan, matsyasana, nowkasan, Sarvangasana, Dhanurasana, Halasana, ardhamatsyasana, suptavajrasana, chakrasana, paschimottanasana will beneficial against addiction by improving willpower and healing process. One can practice any 3 or 4 asanas daily for 20 to 30 minutes.
You can also practice high-level Yog mudra, viparita Karani mudra, anulom vilom, bhramri Pranayam in expert guidance to overcome addiction.
Calculate duration of physical activities for your gender and age with “Physical activity tool”
Also read article “8 Facts about Internet and Screen Addiction”